Green public procurement ( GPP) - a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured.”
- Reduced environmental impact- goods (services) procured has an impact on environment throughout the of their lifecycle (production-use-recycling-disposal);
- Promoted social improvements- with the terms and conditions of the procurement procedure there is an opportunity to improve the working conditions, Cleaner public transport, for example, improves air quality. Reduced use of toxic chemicals in cleaning products provides a healthier working environment, improved access for disabled persons.
- Budgetary savings – During the procurement planning process, the real need to launch the procurement process is assessed at first hand, therefore the quantity of procurements are reduced. The Life-cycle costing helps to take into consideration all factors (not only initial price of goods and services, but also operational costs and costs for disposal) resulted in economy of budgetary resources.
Every year EU member states overall spending 19 % of GDP for public procurement purposes (in Latvia 17%). Such a ratio has a considerable impact on the goods and services market, therefore, by integration of environmental considerations within public procurement (GPP) it is possible not only to promote the increase the share of environmentally friendly goods and services in the market, but also gain the financial and social benefits. Taking into account above mentioned, the GPP becoming one of the priority instruments for EU environmental, climate and energy policy, and integration of environmental consideration within the technical specifications for procurements become as the priority task for Latvia.
Since 2004 the legal framework for EU memberstates consists of two directives, which foresees the integration of environmental considerations if the procurement is higher than threshold:
- Directive 2004/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on the coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts, public supply contracts and public service contracts
- Directive 2014/25/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on procurement by entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors and repealing Directive 2004/17/EC Text with EEA relevance
Above mentioned directives are transposed in national legislation of the EU memberstates. In Latvia the legal framework for GPP consists of Public Procurement Law, and Law on the Procurement of Public Service Providers.
On 26th of February 2014 the Directives 2014/24/EC and Directive 2014/25/EC were adopted, foreseeing the inclusion of environment related criteria in public procurement to be transposed by 18th of April 2016.
GPP in Latvia
In the Action plan of the Government of Latvia, approved in 2014, has been stated that one of the government objectives is to elaborate and to apply the green procurement principle into the state and municipal public procurement contracts, facilitating the increase the share of healthy food and local resources (incl. forestry).
Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in cooperation with stakeholders has elaborated „Green Procurement promotion plan for 2015.-2017". The plan has been approved by the Cabinet of Ministers on 17th of February 2015.
The plan gives the characteristics of the present situation, including main obstacles for application of GPP and action to be taken to overcome these obstacles.
The objective of the plan is to increase the share of GPP in procured goods and services. By the end of 2015, the target is 15% (in financial terms) from total procurements done by public and municipal authorities, in 2016 - 20% and 2017- 30%.
Application of Green public procurement criteria in projects financed by EU financial instruments
The sustainable development has been defined as the one of horizontal principles in implementation of EU funded projects. According to the methodology applied for monitoring, the application of green public procurement principle is the one of verification tools. Therefore during the implementation process of the EU funded programmes the application of GPP is included in the selection criteria for the programmes planned by responsible authorities.
Startegy and sustainable development division
Ministry of the Environmental Protection and Regional Development of the Republic of Latvia
Peldu str. 25,
Phone.: +371 67026459